Demographic Change and Migration (2017)
It is widely believed that migration will play a significant role in defining the future shape of Europe’s population. This short project was an attempt to review the evidence on some of the potential implications of this. Another objective was to help define the scope of any future work done by the JPI MYBL.
For the purpose of this report, “migration” includes any change of normal residence that involves a move over a significant distance, to a new country or within a country, so that the new location becomes his or her own “usual residence”. This includes movement into and out of Europe, movement between countries and regions within Europe, and, though largely neglected here, the movement of refugees, family members, and students. The focus of the report is on the implications of migration for an ageing society (and not migration overall).
In seven months an interdisciplinary group of researchers from Europe and Canada identified 55 different research gaps and 14 data infrastructure requirements. These gaps and requirements can be clustered in four main themes addressing the question how well migrants are received in host societies (Chapter 2), how they fare in the workforce (Chapter 3), in terms of health (Chapter 3) and in the pension system of the host society (Chapter 4).
The Full Report of the project Demographic Change and Migration can be downloaded.
Outline of the report
The Core of the project ‘’Demographic Change and Migration’’ consists of the four thematic chapters which are Attitudes to Immigration and the Ageing of Societies, Migrants in the Health and Social Care Workforce, Health Among Older Populations of Migrant Origin, Health Among Older Populations of Migrant Origin and Migrants in the Pension System. To explore the Executive Summary, Chapters 2-5 (Thematic Chapters), Chapter 6 (Country Chapters) and Chapter 7 (Research Gaps and Opportunities for Joint Actions) separately please visit the following Links:
A brief document that summaries the Full Report of the project Demographic Change and Migration.
The four thematic chapters describe the attitudes towards migrants in the host societies, the health and social workforce of the migrants, the health status of the migrants and the effects of the pension system on the migrants.
10 Country Reports describe the recent history of migration, explain the relationship between migration and health, employment, pensions and public attitudes and describe the availability of data on older migrants across the participating countries. The countries are Austria, Canada, Czech Republic, Germany, France, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Spain and UK.
The List of Research Gaps and Opportunities for joint actions serve as groundwork for future demographic research and other activities conducive to the integration of research, policy and practice.
Common to all European countries, although with differing temporal dynamics, are rising life expectancies and a compositional shift from younger to older people. While these demographic changes are accompanied by general improvements in health, only a minority of older workers reaches the statutory retirement age while working. On the premise that more and better research could help understand why some people at higher working age are still working while others are not, the General Assembly of the Joint Programming Initiative “More years, better lives” (JPI MYBL) asked a group of forty-six scientific experts from eleven of the fifteen JPI MYBL member countries to identify new research needs that lend themselves to joint research funding activities.
The objective of this fast-track project “Understanding employment participation of older workers” (JPI UEP) was to define research needs with regard to the employment participation at higher working age by critically reviewing research findings, approaches and methodologies. Acknowledging the limited duration of the project from May 2014 to December 2014, the focus of this project was on paid work of older people, meaning those aged 50+ years. Informed by insights from emography, economics, occupational health, social epidemiology, sociology, gerontology, and psychology, the JPI UEP working group applied a rigorous and comprehensive conceptual framework to analyse the determinants for early withdrawal from the labour market by domain and across the participating countries.
The JPI UEP working group applied both a challenge driven and a research-driven perspective. The audiences of this report are, hence, researchers, research funders, as well as decision-makers in research policy, social policy and labour market policy addressing employment participation at higher working age.
The complete report of the project Understanding employment participation of older workers: Creating a knowledge base for future labour market challenges can be downloaded.
The core of the project “Understanding employment participation of older workers” (JPI UEP) consists of the chapters authored by the members of the JPI UEP working group. There are ten domain chapters that give an overview of the multilevel determinants of employment participation. To explore the domains visit the following links.
Domain chapter: Labour market
Domain chapter: Legislation and implementation
Domain chapter: Financial Factors
Domain chapter: Domestic and household factors
Domain chapter: HRM and interventions
Domain chapter: Work Factors
Domain chapter: Health and health-related behaviour
Domain chapter: Work Ability
Domain chapter: Motivation to work
UEP – National Reports
The following 10 National Reports highlight the large diversity in the state and orientation of research across the participating countries.
The Data Mapping Project is an activity of the Joint Programming Initiative (JPI) “More Years, Better Lives – The Challenges and Opportunities of Demographic Change”. The project seeks to map the range of data sources on ageing at the European and national levels, examines whether there are major gaps in the available data infrastructure, as well as provides statistical agencies with user-driven feedback on standard data sources. It will provide both scientists and policy-makers with a comprehensive overview of where to find appropriate data for cross-disciplinary approaches and evidence-based decision-making in an ageing context. The data project also helps to inform the development of the JPI’s Strategic Research Agenda, and any calls or research proposals that will follow from it, by identifying relevant sources, helping avoid repetition of work by individual projects, and ensuring that research proposals are well informed about possible data sources. Besides European databases, Country Reports are available of the 13 participating countries. The reports provide an overview about the demographic profile and the data sources currently available for the study of ageing.
For additional information please visit the Data Project website.
There are also policy briefs available of 9 country reports summarising the major data sources for the ten policy fields identified by the working group of the Data Mapping Project.